The planning of the material supply takes place as part of an entire logistics process, which starts at a supplier and ends at the customer. The material often passes through several process steps until the finished part is ultimately installed or consumed by customers. At the same time, the aim is to achieve a material economic optimum. In order to achieve this goal, a certain planning effort and, above all, competencies are often required to design a material flow that meets the requirements.
Integration of the material supply into the material flow
In order to achieve an effective material flow, it is not necessary to consider the material supply as an island, but to look for measures to ensure the best possible integration into the entire logistics process. The supply of materials is decisively flanked by the packaging and process sectors, which must be combined.
Processes in material supply
Basically the processes of the physical material supply are divided according to two principles: the bring- and the hol principle. In the bring principle, a logistics employee supplies the production units with material from the warehouse. In the hauling principle, the production employee himself has to supply his production unit with material. A distinction is made between the control system and the consumption-controlled material supply, which differ in the direction of the information flow.
Consumption-controlled material supply (Pull)
In the case of consumption-controlled material supply, a material flow is triggered by the consumer, irrespective of a specific order. The material flow is triggered when a certain minimum stock level is reached. It is only at this moment, when new material is requested, that the demand is evident in the predecessor process and produced according to requirements. More information can be found among others in the blog post “push system and pull system in Supply Chains” push system and pull system in Supply Chains
Demand-controlled material supply (push)
The requirement-driven material supply is the exact opposite of the consumption-driven provision. A material planning takes place based on prognosticated consumption, current orders, etc. An order is triggered by the first process participant and the material is delivered. After successful processing, the order is passed on to the following process. Since the run-through time of an order is much longer in this method than in the pull principle, special central planning is required, which minimizes these times.
Container for material supply
If the processes for material supply are defined, it is time to plan and realize a suitable container concept. Since the containers are involved in the entire logistics process, the containers in the logistics chain represent an important link between the process components. In order to develop a suitable container for the products, several points have to be considered. Thus, the product to be transported is probably the largest proportion of the requirements on the container, but other points are also very important, eg loading and unloading, transport costs, insertion into the production system, etc. Due to an almost endless possibility of solution variants Companies frequently rely on external services to design and procure an optimal container concept. Companies that are able to act independently of the product and are not bound to a specific system have a particular advantage here.
We would be pleased to work with you to develop suitable concepts for the supply of materials right up to the realization and pooling of load carriers. We combine concentrated solution competence from a single source.